Loretta reads Mother's Questions and Answers:1956-05-16
|Mother's Questions and Answers: May 16, 1956|
|by Loretta, 2016 (31:57)|
|Listen on Auroville Radio →|
This week, Mother speaks a little more about the results of the coming of the new force. She says that much more spiritual force is now available to the seeker. But first, Mother speaks about how we should regard what we call the 'needs of the body'. Our physical, material body is the last stronghold of the Inconscient. Our body is full of ignorance and darkness; and therefore it's very inert. It is the part of us that is the slowest to change, and the part of us that we actually understand the least – even though for most of us, we thought we were just a body, all of our lives. And we think therefore that we know our body, but we find that we don't. For most of us, we're not taught the proper way to deal with our own body. And it's because our parents and teachers didn't know it either.
In the context of Mother and Sri Aurobindo's teachings, we have to learn how to recognize the constant influence – and the constant interference – of our thoughts and our feelings, on our own body. And also to recognize the influence of these things coming from outside.
Basically we hardly know what to eat; everyone's looking, trying to find the better thing to eat. And we're lost when we fall ill; people are learning they can't depend so much on doctors as they thought they could. And when we get older, if our attitude is not purified, it gets a lot worse (or at least we think it gets a lot worse).
So to deal with our own body is a veritable yoga in itself. Not necessarily a Hatha Yoga of postures – ways to get more supple – but just simply to be a person in a body, to have the responsibility that we should have for this physical body in which we live.
In this class, Mother doesn't mention her own experiences and realizations in the body – even though that was really a main part of her Yoga, especially during the last years of her life – but she speaks about it constantly to Satprem in the Agenda. Here in class, she explains to the students that Sri Aurobindo says that what we have always believed to be true needs of our body are not things that are truly themselves.
In the Agenda of May 8th of 1965, Mother is talking about it and she says:
- “All our incapacities, all our limitations, all our impossibilities, it's this idiotic Matter that chooses them all – not with intelligence, but with a sort of feeling that 'that's how things must be,' that they are 'naturally' like that. An adherence – an idiotic adherence – to the mode of the lower nature.
- When people write me long letters (what letters I receive! laments all the time: my health is going wrong, my work is going wrong, my relationships are going wrong – laments all the time), and I always see, behind, that Consciousness, luminous, magnificent, marvelous – sun-filled, you know – exactly as if to say, 'Whenever will you be cured of that mania!' The mania of the tragic and the lower.
- Somewhere in the reason, one understands – it isn't that reason doesn't understand, but the reason has no power to make this matter obey.”
And when we read that Mother is saying she couldn't do it, it sounds pretty hopeless! But actually, with all this confusion that we have, and physical ignorance, and with problems – finally, the answer to all of our inability to understand how to deal with our own body is the same answer that applies to all aspects of our inner and outer work. The answer is to surrender totally to the Divine's wisdom and love; to do our best; to do what we believe is the will of the Divine. Not our own will, or what we think is our body's need. The will of the Divine, who knows much better than we do what should be done.
And it's not something that we do just once or twice and say 'okay, we've surrendered'. Even, not even a few times. It's a lifetime practice, because life brings constant change. And our ability to surrender gets more subtle, gets better, gets more conscious, the more we do it.
We can see the absolute necessity for doing this in an answer that Mother gives to someone who asks her 'if fatigue in work shows loss of contact with her Force'. She says that there are many kinds of fatigue: if it is bodily fatigue, it indicates the need for rest. All other kinds of fatigue come because you are taking in forces at the personal source, which is necessarily limited; and you're not connected with the Divine force, which is necessarily unlimited.
In this class, Mother also speaks briefly about pantheons. These are the paintings and statues of the gods which we see coming out of many cultures – like Egypt, like Greece, like Rome. And pantheons are prominent in Indian culture. We find wonderful statues everywhere, wonderful paintings everywhere. Sri Aurobindo wrote about the spiritual value of the Indian pantheon for the spiritual seeker. He says [of] the theory of ancient Indian art as its greatest:
- “Its highest business is to disclose something of the Self, the Infinite, the Divine to the regard of the soul”.
- “Or the Godheads are to be revealed, luminously interpreted or in some way suggested to the soul’s understanding or to its devotion or at the very least to a spiritually or religiously aesthetic emotion.”
He says that Indian art is identical in its spiritual aim and principle with the rest of Indian culture. And he speaks about the gods in Indian sculpture. He says they are:
- “cosmic beings, embodiments of some great spiritual power, spiritual idea and action, inmost psychic significance, the human form a vehicle of this soul meaning, its outward means of self-expression; everything in the figure, every opportunity it gives, the face, the hands, the posture of the limbs, the poise and turn of the body, every accessory, has to be made instinct with the inner meaning, help it to emerge, carry out the rhythm of the total suggestion [of the higher spiritual], and on the other hand everything is suppressed which would defeat this end”.
He says that the aim of this kind of artistic creation is “the utmost spiritual beauty or significance of which the human form is capable”.
- “The divine self in us is its theme, the body made a form of the soul [the physical expression of the soul] is its idea and its secret.”
After explaining the use of pantheons, Mother also explains how morality can be a stumbling-block in our seeking. We have to be careful about our fixed ideas of right and wrong, good and bad. Even there – in a place where we've always thought we were free, and doing the right things – even there, we have to be vigilant in this Yoga.
And the question about the new force comes from one of the students, who wants to know about 'finding the light within'. The student is interested because after the arrival of the new force, something must be easier, or something must be better. And Mother explains the difference between the inner light which was available, and the inner light which is available now, with the new force. And when the child wants to know how to get the light, Mother speaks about methods to use.
Unfortunately we don't have the tape – the original French tape of this class seems to have been lost or destroyed. And so we won't get to hear Mother's French afterwards.
So we're in Mother's class; we're sitting in the Playground on the 16th of May of 1956. Mother has just read The Synthesis of Yoga in French. And a student asks a question based on a particular paragraph in the reading...
16 May 1956
(The Synthesis of Yoga, Part I, Chapter V:
“The Ascent of the Sacrifice – 1: The Works of Knowledge – The Psychic Being”)
- “In sum, it may be safely affirmed that no solution offered can be anything but provisional until a supramental Truth-Consciousness is reached by which the appearances of things are put in their place and their essence revealed and that in them which derives straight from the spiritual essence. In the meanwhile our only safety is to find a guiding law of spiritual experience — or else to liberate a light within that can lead us on the way until that greater direct Truth-Consciousness is reached above us or born within us. For all else in us that is only outward, all that is not a spiritual sense or seeing, the constructions, representations or conclusions of the intellect, the suggestions or instigations of the Life-force, the positive necessities of physical things are sometimes half-lights, sometimes false lights that can at best only serve for a while or serve a little and for the rest either detain or confuse us.”
- The necessities of physical things also? I don’t understand.
All this, not only physical necessities. All these things are at times lights, that is to say, knowledge diminished and mixed with ignorance, at times false lights, that is, no knowledge at all: simply ideas, conceptions, ways of seeing, ways of feeling — all these things considered as knowledge by the ordinary human consciousness.
Sri Aurobindo speaks even of physical needs, the needs of the body, which are generally considered as imperative and which have their own truth; he says that even that can be only quite a partial light, that is to say, a semblance of knowledge or even something false.
That goes against all modern ideas.
People always have the impression that what they call the needs of the body, what the body demands, is an absolute law; that if it is not obeyed, well, one commits a great wrong against one’s body which will suffer the consequences. And Sri Aurobindo says that these needs in themselves are either very partial lights, that is to say, only a way of seeing things, or even no lights at all — completely false.
If one were to study the problem attentively enough, one would find out to what an extent these so-called needs of the body depend on the mental attitude. For example, the need to eat. There are people who literally die of hunger if they have not eaten for eight days. There are others who do it deliberately and observe fasting as a principle of yoga, as a necessity in yoga. And for them, at the end of eight days’ fasting, the body is as healthy as when they started, and sometimes healthier!
Finally, for all these things, it is a question of proportion, of measure. It is obvious that one can’t always live without eating. But it is as obvious that the idea people have about the need to eat is not true. Indeed, it is a whole subject for study: The importance of the mental attitude in relation to the body.
Sri Aurobindo does not recognise the needs of the body as things true in themselves. He says: it is not true, it is only an idea you have, an impression, it is not something true which carries its truth in itself.
- Sweet Mother, what is this “imperious law”, this “spiritual and supramental law”?
It is the truth of each being.
Each being carries in himself his own spiritual law, his supramental law. It is not the same for everyone, it is not one single identical law. For each one it is the truth of his being, that is to say, the thing he must realise in the universe and the place he must occupy in the world.
That is the truth of his being.
- “Inadequate too is the very frequent attempt at a misalliance between the vital and the spiritual, a mystic experience within with an aestheticised intellectual and sensuous Paganism or exalted hedonism outside leaning upon it and satisfying itself in the glow of a spiritual sanction.”
- What does Sri Aurobindo mean by “an aestheticised Paganism”?
That is how Sri Aurobindo describes the different pantheons of different countries, specially of Greece or India. That is to say, it is an aesthetic and intellectual way of transforming all things into divine creatures, divine beings: all the forces of Nature, all the elements, all spiritual forces, all intellectual forces, all physical forces, all these are transformed into a number of godheads and they are given an aesthetic and intellectual reality. It is a symbolic and artistic and literary and poetic way of dealing with all the universal forces and realities. That is how these pantheons came into existence, like the Greek or Egyptian pantheon or else the pantheon of India.
All these gods are representations which Sri Aurobindo calls “aesthetic and intellectual” — a way of conceiving the universe. This is not to say that they do not correspond to a truth — to a reality rather than a truth. There are beings like that; but this is a particular way of approaching the universal world or rather the universal worlds.
- Sweet Mother, hasn’t morality helped us to increase our consciousness?
That depends on people. There are people who are helped by it, there are people who are not helped at all.
Morality is something altogether artificial and arbitrary, and in most cases, among the best, it checks the true spiritual effort by a sort of moral satisfaction that one is on the right path and a true gentleman, that one does one’s duty, fulfils all the moral requirements of life. Then one is so self-satisfied that one no longer moves or makes any progress.
It is very difficult for a virtuous man to enter the path of God; this has been said very often, but it is altogether true, for he is most self-satisfied, he thinks he has realised what he ought to have realised, he no longer has either the aspiration or even that elementary humility which makes one want to progress. You see, one who is known here as a sattwic man is usually very comfortably settled in his own virtue and never thinks of coming out of it. So, that puts you a million leagues away from the divine realisation.
- [(And then there's a footnote that goes with this paragraph, where they explain the term 'sattwic'. It says: “According to the Indian terminology, a sattwic person is one who is moved by the principle of knowledge, equanimity and light, as opposed to a rajasic man who is moved by his desires and passions and a tamasic man who lives in inertia and obscurity.”)]
What really helps, until one has found the inner light, is to make for oneself a certain number of rules which naturally should not be too rigid and fixed, but yet should be precise enough to prevent one from going completely out of the right path or making irreparable mistakes — mistakes the consequences of which one suffers all one’s life.
To do that, it is good to set up a certain number of principles in oneself, which, however, should be for each one, in conformity with his own nature. If you adopt a social, collective rule, you immediately make yourself a slave to this social rule, and that prevents you almost radically from making any effort for transformation.
- Sweet Mother, Sri Aurobindo has said that one must find a light within, then surrender to the divine Shakti. Now that the Supermind has come down, will this be easier?
Well, that is the light within, now.
What is the difficulty? Where do you see any objection or contradiction? What is your difficulty?
- How can we understand that it has become easier? What is the effect of this descent?
Well, wait until it occurs in you and you will know it!
All right. Imagine that in a dark room you have put an oil lamp, one which burns oil, as we used to have fifty years ago — we had oil lamps in the rooms, as now there are lanterns; they were a little better but it was the same thing. So you were lighting your room with that, and then suddenly somebody invented the means of lighting it by electricity. So your oil lamp is replaced by a beautiful electric lamp which gives ten times more light.
What is your difficulty, your problem?
You have always had a light to illumine your room — your inner room — but instead of an oil lamp it has become an electric lamp. That’s all.
You don’t understand? No? It is not very difficult to understand.
- One wants to see that light.
To see? Ah!... Enter the room, you will see it.
Is that all?
- Mother, after the first question there is a sentence I don’t understand: “And for the rest [they] either detain or confuse us.” What is this “rest”?
- [(And this is the sentence at the very end of the reading that was printed at the beginning of this class; where Sri Aurobindo kind of lists all the things that we think are natural to us, then says that they're half-lights or false lights that can't really help. And then he says: “And for the rest, either detain or confuse us.”)]
Sri Aurobindo is speaking of the mental constructions, representations or conclusions of the intellect, of the suggestions and instigations of the Life-force, of the needs of the body. Now, all this, these half-lights or false lights can serve a little on the path, can help us a little, and only for a while. And all that is not this, all the rest, that is to say, all the countless thoughts and movements, sensations and feelings one has, well, all this is of no use at all. And worse than being quite useless, it detains us on the way, that’s all. It confuses us. That is to say, it creates an inner confusion and must be altogether ignored.
All the countless things one thinks, experiences, feels, sees, does... all that is of no use at all. Naturally, if one looks at it from the point of view of yoga.
(Turning to the child who wanted to see the light) You have still another question?
- How to enter the room?
You take a key and open the door!
You must find the key.
Or you sit down in front of the door until you have found the word, the idea or the force which opens it — as in the Arabian Nights tales.
It is not a joke, it is very serious. You must sit down in front of the door and then concentrate until you have found the key or the word or the power to open it.
If one doesn’t try, it doesn’t open by itself. Perhaps after thousands of years, but you want to do it immediately — so? To do it immediately, you must sit down obstinately before the door until you have found the means. It may be a key, it may be a word, it may be a force, it may be anything at all, and you remain there before the door until it opens.
And you do not think of anything else.
Only of the door.
- Is there no key-hole through which the light can escape?
A key-hole! What do you mean? A chink through which the light can escape?... Perhaps it is escaping, but perhaps no one sees it either!
It is escaping.
But then that’s another problem: you must open your eyes. You must learn to open your eyes, to look.
Very small babies do not see, even very small animals do not see, tiny baby kittens do not see. It takes them several hours or several days — they don’t see.
You must learn to see.
- Agenda, 8 May 1965
- The Renaissance in India and Other Essays on Indian Culture, p.267
- Ibid., p.322
- Questions and Answers 1956, p.139
- The Synthesis of Yoga, p.137
- Ibid., p.138