The Human Cycle — The Ideal of Human Unity — War and Self-Determination

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The Human Cycle
The Ideal of Human Unity
War and Self-Determination

The Human Cycle

Chapter I The Cycle of Society 5
Chapter II The Age of Individualism and Reason 15
Chapter III The Coming of the Subjective Age 26
Chapter IV The Discovery of the Nation-Soul 35
Chapter V True and False Subjectivism 44
Chapter VI The Objective and Subjective Views of Life 55
Chapter VII The Ideal Law of Social Development 63
Chapter VIII Civilisation and Barbarism 73
Chapter IX Civilisation and Culture 82
Chapter X Aesthetic and Ethical Culture 92
Chapter XI The Reason as Governor of Life 102
Chapter XII The Office and Limitations of the Reason 114
Chapter XIII Reason and Religion 124
Chapter XIV The Suprarational Beauty 136
Chapter XV The Suprarational Good 146
Chapter XVI The Suprarational Ultimate of Life 155
Chapter XVII Religion as the Law of Life 173
Chapter XVIII The Infrarational Age of the Cycle 182
Chapter XIX The Curve of the Rational Age 192
Chapter XX The End of the Curve of Reason 208
Chapter XXI The Spiritual Aim and Life 222
Chapter XXII The Necessity of the Spiritual Transformation 232
Chapter XXIII Conditions for the Coming of a Spiritual Age 246
Chapter XXIV The Advent and Progress of the Spiritual Age 261

The Ideal of Human Unity

Part I
Chapter I The Turn towards Unity: Its Necessity and Dangers 279
Chapter II The Imperfection of Past Aggregates 285
Chapter III The Group and the Individual 290
Chapter IV The Inadequacy of the State Idea 296
Chapter V Nation and Empire: Real and Political Unities 304
Chapter VI Ancient and Modern Methods of Empire 312
Chapter VII The Creation of the Heterogeneous Nation 323
Chapter VIII The Problem of a Federated Heterogeneous Empire 330
Chapter IX The Possibility of a World-Empire 337
Chapter X The United States of Europe 344
Chapter XI The Small Free Unit and the Larger Concentrated Unity 355
Chapter XII The Ancient Cycle of Prenational Empire-Building—The Modern Cycle of Nation-Building 364
Chapter XIII The Formation of the Nation-Unit—The Three Stages 374
Chapter XIV The Possibility of a First Step towards International Unity—Its Enormous Difficulties 384
Chapter XV Some Lines of Fulfilment 395
Chapter XVI The Problem of Uniformity and Liberty 405
Part II
Chapter XVII Nature’s Law in Our Progress—Unity in Diversity, Law and Liberty 417
Chapter XVIII The Ideal Solution—A Free Grouping of Mankind 427
Chapter XIX The Drive towards Centralisation and Uniformity—Administration and Control of Foreign Affairs 437
Chapter XX The Drive towards Economic Centralisation 445
Chapter XXI The Drive towards Legislative and Social Centralisation and Uniformity 451
Chapter XXII World-Union or World-State 462
Chapter XXIII Forms of Government 465
Chapter XXIV The Need of Military Unification 475
Chapter XXV War and the Need of Economic Unity 485
Chapter XXVI The Need of Administrative Unity 494
Chapter XXVII The Peril of the World-State 505
Chapter XXVIII Diversity in Oneness 513
Chapter XXIX The Idea of a League of Nations 523
Chapter XXX The Principle of Free Confederation 533
Chapter XXXI The Conditions of a Free World-Union 540
Chapter XXXII Internationalism 548
Chapter XXXIII Internationalism and Human Unity 554
Chapter XXXIV The Religion of Humanity 564
Chapter XXXV Summary and Conclusion 571
A Postscript Chapter 579

War and Self-Determination

The Passing of War? 606
The Unseen Power 612
Self-Determination 623
A League of Nations 634
1919 664
After the War 668

Appendixes

Appendix I 685
Appendix II 686


Notes are paraphrased from the “Publisher's Note” and “Note on the Texts”.