Bande Mataram

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Bande Mataram
Political Writings and Speeches
1890–1908


Part One: Writings and a Resolution (1890 – 1906)

India Renascent 3
India and the British Parliament 7
New Lamps for Old 11
At the Turn of the Century 63
Old Moore for 1901 64
The Congress Movement 65
Fragment for a Pamphlet 67
Unity: An open letter 68
The Proposed Reconstruction of Bengal 70
On the Bengali and the Mahratta 73
Bhawani Mandir 75
Ethics East and West 93
Resolution at a Swadeshi Meeting 96
A Sample-Room for Swadeshi Articles 97
On the Barisal Proclamation 100

Part Two: Bande Mataram under the Editorship of Bipin Chandra Pal (6 August – 15 October 1906)

Darkness in Light 20.8.06 109
Our Rip Van Winkles 20.8.06 109
Indians Abroad 20.8.06 110
Officials on the Fall of Fuller 20.8.06 111
Cow Killing: An Englishman’s Amusements in Jalpaiguri 20.8.06 111
Schools for Slaves 27.8.06 113
By the Way 27.8.06 113
The Mirror and Mr. Tilak 28.8.06 116
Leaders in Council 28.8.06 118
Loyalty and Disloyalty in East Bengal 30.8.06 119
By the Way 30.8.06 123
Lessons at Jamalpur 1.9.06 126
By the Way 1.9.06 127
By the Way 3.9.06 129
Partition and Petition 4.9.06 131
English Enterprise and Swadeshi 4.9.06 132
Sir Frederick Lely on Sir Bampfylde Fuller 4.9.06 133
Jamalpur 4.9.06 134
By the Way 4.9.06 134
The Times on Congress Reforms 8.9.06 137
By the Way 8.9.06 140
The Pro-Petition Plot 10.9.06 143
Socialist and Imperialist 10.9.06 148
The Sanjibani on Mr. Tilak 10.9.06 148
Secret Tactics 10.9.06 149
By the Way 10.9.06 151
A Savage Sentence 11.9.06 153
The Question of the Hour 11.9.06 153
A Criticism 11.9.06 154
By the Way 11.9.06 154
The Old Policy and the New 12.9.06 157
Is a Conflict Necessary? 12.9.06 159
The Charge of Vilification 12.9.06 160
Autocratic Trickery 12.9.06 160
By the Way 12.9.06 161
Strange Speculations 13.9.06 163
The Statesman under Inspiration 13.9.06 164
A Disingenuous Defence 14.9.06 165
Last Friday’s Folly 17.9.06 167
Stop-gap Won’t Do 17.9.06 170
By the Way 17.9.06 170
Is Mendicancy Successful? 18.9.06 173
By the Way 18.9.06 175
By the Way 20.9.06 178
By the Way 1.10.06 182
By the Way 11.10.06 185

Part Three: Bande Mataram under the Editorship of Sri Aurobindo (24 October 1906 – 27 May 1907)

The Famine near Calcutta 29.10.06 189
Statesman’s Sympathy Brand 29.10.06 190
By the Way. News from Nowhere 29.10.06 191
The Statesman’s Voice of Warning 30.10.06 193
Sir Andrew Fraser 30.10.06 196
By the Way. Necessity Is the Mother of Invention 30.10.06 197
Articles Published in the Bande Mataram in November and December 1906 199
The Man of the Past and the Man of the Future 26.12.06 201
The Results of the Congress 31.12.06 205
Yet There Is Method in It 25.2.07 209
Mr. Gokhale’s Disloyalty 28.2.07 211
The Comilla Incident 15.3.07 213
British Protection or Self-Protection 18.3.07 219
The Berhampur Conference 29.3.07 224
The President of the Berhampur Conference 2.4.07 228
Peace and the Autocrats 3.4.07 231
Many Delusions 5.4.07 236
By the Way. Reflections of Srinath Paul, Rai Bahadoor, on the Present Discontents 5.4.07 239
Omissions and Commissions at Berhampur 6.4.07 244
The Writing on the Wall 8.4.07 248
A Nil-admirari Admirer 9.4.07 252
Pherozshahi at Surat 10.4.07 253
A Last Word 10.4.07 256
The Situation in East Bengal 11.4.07 258
The Doctrine of Passive Resistance 11–23.4.07 263
      I. Introduction 265
      II. Its Object 270
      III. Its Necessity 275
      IV. Its Methods 281
      V. Its Obligations 287
      VI. Its Limits 293
      VII. Conclusions 298
The Proverbial Offspring 12.4.07 304
By the Way 12.4.07 304
By the Way 13.4.07 308
The Old Year 16.4.07 311
Rishi Bankim Chandra 16.4.07 315
A Vilifier on Vilification 17.4.07 320
By the Way. A Mouse in a Flutter 17.4.07 321
Simple, Not Rigorous 18.4.07 324
British Interests and British Conscience 18.4.07 324
A Recommendation 18.4.07 325
An Ineffectual Sedition Clause 19.4.07 327
The Englishman as a Statesman 19.4.07 329
The Gospel according to Surendranath 22.4.07 331
A Man of Second Sight 23.4.07 335
Passive Resistance in the Punjab 23.4.07 337
By the Way 24.4.07 339
Bureaucracy at Jamalpur 25.4.07 344
Anglo-Indian Blunderers 25.4.07 346
The Leverage of Faith 25.4.07 346
Graduated Boycott 26.4.07 349
Instinctive Loyalty 26.4.07 352
Nationalism, Not Extremism 26.4.07 353
Shall India Be Free? The Loyalist Gospel 27.4.07 357
The Mask Is Off 27.4.07 359
Shall India Be Free? National Development and Foreign Rule 29.4.07 361
Shall India Be Free? 30.4.07 367
Moonshine for Bombay Consumption 1.5.07 370
The Reformer on Moderation 1.5.07 370
Shall India Be Free? Unity and British Rule 2.5.07 372
Extremism in the Bengalee 3.5.07 377
Hare or Another 3.5.07 380
Look on This Picture, Then on That 6.5.07 381
Curzonism for the University 8.5.07 385
Incompetence or Connivance 8.5.07 388
Soldiers and Assaults 8.5.07 390
By the Way 9.5.07 392
Lala Lajpat Rai Deported 10.5.07 395
The Crisis 11.5.07 396
Lala Lajpat Rai 11.5.07 399
Government by Panic 13.5.07 400
In Praise of the Government 13.5.07 402
The Bagbazar Meeting 14.5.07 404
A Treacherous Stab 14.5.07 407
How to Meet the Ordinance 15.5.07 409
Mr. Morley’s Pronouncement 16.5.07 412
The Bengalee on the Risley Circular 16.5.07 415
What Does Mr. Hare Mean? 16.5.07 416
Not to the Andamans! 16.5.07 417
The Statesman Unmasks 17.5.07 419
Sui Generis 17.5.07 422
The Statesman on Mr. Mudholkar 20.5.07 424
The Government Plan of Campaign 22.5.07 428
The Nawab’s Message 22.5.07 432
And Still It Moves 23.5.07 433
British Generosity 23.5.07 436
An Irish Example 24.5.07 439
The East Bengal Disturbances 25.5.07 441
Newmania 25.5.07 445
The Gilded Sham Again 27.5.07 446
National Volunteers 27.5.07 447

Part Four: Bande Mataram under the Editorship of Sri Aurobindo (28 May– 22 December 1907)

The True Meaning of the Risley Circular 28.5.07 453
Cool Courage and Not Blood-and-Thunder Speeches 28.5.07 457
The Effect of Petitionary Politics 29.5.07 459
The Sobhabazar Shaktipuja 29.5.07 459
The Ordinance and After 30.5.07 461
A Lost Opportunity 30.5.07 464
The Daily News and Its Needs 30.5.07 465
Common Sense in an Unexpected Quarter 30.5.07 465
Drifting Away 30.5.07 466
The Question of the Hour 1.6.07 469
Regulated Independence 4.6.07 473
A Consistent Patriot 4.6.07 476
Holding on to a Titbit 4.6.07 477
Wanted, a Policy 5.6.07 478
Preparing the Explosion 5.6.07 481
A Statement 6.6.07 483
Law and Order 6.6.07 485
Defying the Circular 7.6.07 487
By the Way. When Shall We Three Meet Again? 7.6.07 489
The Strength of the Idea 8.6.07 493
Comic Opera Reforms 8.6.07 496
Paradoxical Advice 8.6.07 498
An Out-of-Date Reformer 12.6.07 500
The Sphinx 14.6.07 504
Slow but Sure 17.6.07 506
The Rawalpindi Sufferers 18.6.07 508
Look on This Picture and Then on That 18.6.07 510
The Main Feeder of Patriotism 19.6.07 511
Concerted Action 20.6.07 514
The Bengal Government’s Letter 20.6.07 515
British Justice 21.6.07 517
The Moral of the Coconada Strike 21.6.07 520
The Statesman on Shooting 21.6.07 521
Mr. A. Chaudhuri’s Policy 22.6.07 523
A Current Dodge 22.6.07 527
More about British Justice 24.6.07 528
Morleyism Analysed 25.6.07 533
Political or Non-Political 25.6.07 538
Hare Street Logic 25.6.07 539
The Tanjore Students’ Resolution 26.6.07 541
The Statesman on Mr. Chaudhuri 26.6.07 542
“Legitimate Patriotism” 27.6.07 544
Khulna Oppressions 27.6.07 546
The Secret Springs of Morleyism 28.6.07 548
A Danger to the State 28.6.07 551
The New Thought. Personal Rule and Freedom of Speech and Writing 28.6.07 552
The Secret of the Swaraj Movement 29.6.07 557
Passive Resistance in France 29.6.07 559
By the Way 29.6.07 561
Stand Fast 1.7.07 565
The Acclamation of the House 2.7.07 566
Perishing Prestige 2.7.07 569
A Congress Committee Mystery 2.7.07 570
Europe and Asia 3.7.07 572
Press Prosecutions 4.7.07 577
Try Again 5.7.07 581
A Curious Procedure 9.7.07 582
Association and Dissociation 9.7.07 583
English Obduracy and Its Reason 11.7.07 584
Industrial India 11.7.07 587
From Phantom to Reality 13.7.07 589
Audi Alteram Partem 13.7.07 591
Swadeshi in Education 13.7.07 592
Boycott and After 15.7.07 594
In Honour of Hyde and Humphreys 16.7.07 597
Angelic Murmurs 18.7.07 599
A Plague o’ Both Your Houses 19.7.07 601
The Khulna Comedy 20.7.07 604
A Noble Example 20.7.07 607
The Korean Crisis 22.7.07 609
One More for the Altar 25.7.07 610
Srijut Bhupendranath 26.7.07 612
The Issue 29.7.07 616
District Conference at Hughly 30.7.07 620
Bureaucratic Alarms 30.7.07 620
The 7th of August 6.8.07 622
The Indian Patriot on Ourselves 6.8.07 625
Our Rulers and Boycott 7.8.07 626
Tonight’s Illumination 7.8.07 628
Our First Anniversary 7.8.07 629
To Organise 10.8.07 630
Statutory Distinction 10.8.07 632
Marionettes and Others 12.8.07 633
A Compliment and Some Misconceptions 12.8.07 634
Pal on the Brain 12.8.07 635
Phrases by Fraser 13.8.07 637
To Organise Boycott 17.8.07 638
The Foundations of Nationality 17.8.07 640
Barbarities at Rawalpindi 20.8.07 644
The High Court Miracles 20.8.07 646
The Times Romancist 20.8.07 649
A Malicious Persistence 21.8.07 651
In Melancholy Vein 23.8.07 653
Advice to National College Students [Speech] 23.8.07 655
Sankaritola’s Apologia 24.8.07 658
Our False Friends 26.8.07 662
Repression and Unity 27.8.07 664
The Three Unities of Sankaritola 31.8.07 666
Eastern Renascence 3.9.07 670
The Martyrdom of Bipin Chandra 12.9.07 672
Sacrifice and Redemption 14.9.07 676
The Un-Hindu Spirit of Caste Rigidity 20.9.07 679
Caste and Democracy 21.9.07 682
Bande Mataram Prosecution 25.9.07 686
Pioneer or Hindu Patriot? 25.9.07 690
The Chowringhee Pecksniff and Ourselves 26.9.07 692
The Statesman in Retreat 28.9.07 696
The Khulna Appeal 28.9.07 700
A Culpable Inaccuracy 4.10.07 701
Novel Ways to Peace 5.10.07 702
“Armenian Horrors” 5.10.07 703
The Vanity of Reaction 7.10.07 705
The Price of a Friend 7.10.07 709
A New Literary Departure 7.10.07 710
Protected Hooliganism—A Parallel 8.10.07 712
Mr. Keir Hardie and India 8.10.07 716
The Shadow of the Ordinance in Calcutta 11.10.07 718
The Nagpur Affair and True Unity 23.10.07 720
The Nagpur Imbroglio 29.10.07 723
English Democracy Shown Up 31.10.07 727
Difficulties at Nagpur 4.11.07 732
Mr. Tilak and the Presidentship 5.11.07 736
Nagpur and Loyalist Methods 16.11.07 740
The Life of Nationalism 16.11.07 744
By the Way. In Praise of Honest John 18.11.07 751
Bureaucratic Policy 19.11.07 757
About Unity 2.12.07 762
Personality or Principle? 3.12.07 765
More about Unity 4.12.07 768
By the Way 5.12.07 771
Caste and Representation 6.12.07 777
About Unmistakable Terms 12.12.07 781
The Surat Congress 13.12.07 786
Misrepresentations about Midnapore 13.12.07 788
Reasons of Secession 14.12.07 790
The Awakening of Gujerat 17.12.07 795
“Capturing the Congress” 18.12.07 799
Lala Lajpat Rai’s Refusal 18.12.07 801
The Delegates’ Fund 18.12.07 802

Part Five: Speeches (22 December 1907 – 1 February 1908)

Our Experiences in Bengal 13.1.08 807
National Education 15.1.08 810
The Present Situation 19.1.08 818
The Meaning of Swaraj 24.1.08 833
Swadeshi and Boycott 26.1.08 837
Bande Mataram 29.1.08 845
The Aims of the Nationalist Party 30.1.08 847
Our Work in the Future 31.1.08 855   Paper icon.png
Commercial and Educational Swarajya 1.2.08 861

Part Six: Bande Mataram under the Editorship of Sri Aurobindo with Speeches Delivered during the Same Period (6 February – 3 May 1908)

Revolutions and Leadership 6.2.08 867
Speeches at Pabna 12–13.2.08 871
Swaraj 18.2.08 873
The Future of the Movement 19.2.08 877
Work and Ideal 20.2.08 879
By the Way 20.2.08 881
The Latest Sedition Trial 21.2.08 883
Boycott and British Capital 21.2.08 885
Unofficial Commissions 21.2.08 886
The Soul and India’s Mission 21.2.08 887
The Glory of God in Man 22.2.08 891
A National University 24.2.08 894
Mustafa Kamal Pasha 3.3.08 897
A Great Opportunity 4.3.08 900
Swaraj and the Coming Anarchy 5.3.08 903
The Village and the Nation 7.3.08 907
Welcome to the Prophet of Nationalism 10.3.08 911
The Voice of the Martyrs 11.3.08 915
Constitution-making 11.3.08 917
What Committee? 11.3.08 918
An Opportunity Lost 11.3.08 919
A Victim of Bureaucracy 11.3.08 920
A Great Message 12.3.08 921
The Tuticorin Victory 13.3.08 924
Perpetuate the Split! 14.3.08 927
Loyalty to Order 14.3.08 928
Asiatic Democracy 16.3.08 929
Charter or No Charter 16.3.08 932
The Warning from Madras 17.3.08 935
The Need of the Moment 19.3.08 937
Unity by Co-operation 20.3.08 941
The Early Indian Polity 20.3.08 943
The Fund for Sj. Pal 21.3.08 947
The Weapon of Secession 23.3.08 951
Sleeping Sirkar and Waking People 23.3.08 955
Anti-Swadeshi in Madras 23.3.08 956
Exclusion or Unity? 24.3.08 958
How the Riot Was Made 24.3.08 962
Oligarchy or Democracy? 25.3.08 964
Freedom of Speech 26.3.08 969
Tomorrow’s Meeting 27.3.08 973
Well Done, Chidambaram! 27.3.08 975
The Anti-Swadeshi Campaign 27.3.08 976
Spirituality and Nationalism 28.3.08 977
The Struggle in Madras 30.3.08 980
A Misunderstanding 30.3.08 983
The Next Step 31.3.08 985
India and the Mongolian 1.4.08 988
Religion and the Bureaucracy 1.4.08 992
The Milk of Putana 1.4.08 993
Swadeshi Cases and Counsel 2.4.08 995
The Question of the President 3.4.08 996
The Utility of Ideals 3.4.08 1000
Speech at Panti’s Math 3.4.08 1002
Convention and Conference 4.4.08 1003
By the Way 4.4.08 1006
The Constitution of the Subjects Committee 6.4.08 1009
The New Ideal 7.4.08 1014
The Asiatic Role 9.4.08 1019
Love Me or Die 9.4.08 1022
The Work Before Us 10.4.08 1024
Campbell-Bannerman Retires 10.4.08 1026
United Congress [Speech] 10.4.08 1028
The Demand of the Mother 11.4.08 1030
Baruipur Speech 12.4.08 1034
Peace and Exclusion 13.4.08 1038
Indian Resurgence and Europe 14.4.08 1039
Om Shantih 14.4.08 1041
Conventionalist and Nationalist 18.4.08 1043
Palli Samiti [Speech] 20.4.08 1047
The Future and the Nationalists 22.4.08 1052
The Wheat and the Chaff 23.4.08 1056
Party and the Country 24.4.08 1061
The Bengalee Facing Both Ways 24.4.08 1064
The One Thing Needful 25.4.08 1066
New Conditions 29.4.08 1070
Whom to Believe? 29.4.08 1072
By the Way. The Parable of Sati 29.4.08 1073
Leaders and a Conscience 30.4.08 1078
An Ostrich in Colootola 30.4.08 1078
By the Way 30.4.08 1079
Nationalist Differences 2.5.08 1084
Ideals Face to Face 2.5.08 1085

Part Seven: Writings from Manuscripts (1907 – 1908)

The Bourgeois and the Samurai 1091
The New Nationalism 1109
The Mother and the Nation 1114
The Morality of Boycott 1117
A Fragment 1122

Appendixes

Appendix One: Incomplete Drafts of Three Articles
      Draft of the Conclusion of “Nagpur and Loyalist Methods” 1125
      Draft of the Opening of “In Praise of Honest John” 1125
      Incomplete Draft of an Unpublished Article 1129
Appendix Two: Writings and Jottings Connected with the Bande Mataram (1906 – 1908)}}
      “Bande Mataram” Printers & Publishers, Limited. 1131
      Draft of a Prospectus of 1907 1133
      Notes and Memos 1134
Appendix Three
      Nationalist Party Documents 1141
Appendix Four
      A Birthday Interview 1145


Notes are paraphrased from the “Publisher's Note” and “Note on the Texts”.