=1 "From amoeba to star"
From amoeba to star
Man which the psychology of the 19th century examined was a phantom without existence, a passing shadow in a never-ending line of evolution. What one could see was an agglomeration of nervous circuits, of conditioned reflexes, of urges and drives and appetites which nature had evolved, on the one side. Not seen, battling on the other side was a whole heavenly host forcing nature to admit new faculties, more and more unnecessary to his biological life but required for his cosmic aim, his stellar future.
On one side his animal desires and needs, ferocious and aggressive, on the other a luminous will trying to impose that far-away divine image – tenuous, constant, and finally always victorious. On one side the weakness of a body submitting to fatigue, to sickness and to death, and on the other the insistence of an immortal force always renewed, always young. On one side a consciousness limited to his physical body and its needs, hardly awakened to anything else, and on the other side an intense awareness, a consciousness of the whole, of the whole universe. On one side the little sexual and alimentary pleasures of an animal digestive tube, and on the other the cosmic joy in its cosmic play, and the love which moves the stars. On one side the biological sexual impulse which nature put into him to recreate bodies, again and again, so that the past may endure, and on the other the desire of the gods to create new bodies in which the future can incarnate.
The meeting of two great psychological movements in man – his own longing for the heights, for superior levels of consciousness, and the answering descent from those heights towards that which was yearning from below – the psychology of the future will have to take into account. It will also distinguish the three psychological types: those who have become fossil, those who aspire to their hidden immortality, and those other few who have descended from their immortality to live a life among men.
Finally, in the midst of all these forces from below and above, we may ask ourselves: where is man? There is none. There is only a battlefield. Either, if his central consciousness, his major will unites with the forces of his past: an animal; or, if it unites and identifies with the forces of his future, the evolutionary forces calling him to his destiny: a god. It is exactly this which, more or less obscurely or not well understood, the great religions of the past wanted to say.