Early Cultural Writings

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Early Cultural Writings


Part One: The Harmony of Virtue

The Sole Motive of Man’s Existence 3
The Harmony of Virtue 9
Beauty in the Real 78
Stray Thoughts 84

Part Two: On Literature

Bankim Chandra Chatterji

His Youth and College Life 91
The Bengal He Lived In 94
His Official Career 99
His Versatility 103
His Literary History 107
What He Did for Bengal 112
Our Hope in the Future 116

On Poetry and Literature

Poetry 123
Characteristics of Augustan Poetry 125
Sketch of the Progress of Poetry from Thomson to Wordsworth 134
Appendix: Test Questions 142
Marginalia on Madhusudan Dutt’s Virangana Kavya 144
Originality in National Literatures 146

The Poetry of Kalidasa

A Proposed Work on Kalidasa 151
The Malavas 152
The Age of Kalidasa 156
The Historical Method 168
The Seasons 175
Hindu Drama 187
Vikramorvasie: The Play 194
Vikramorvasie: The Characters 196
The Spirit of the Times 236
On Translating Kalidasa 239
Appendix: Alternative and Unused Passages and Fragments 264

On the Mahabharata

Notes on the Mahabharata 277
Notes on the Mahabharata [Detailed] 345

Part Three: On Education

Address at the Baroda College Social Gathering 353
Education 357
The Brain of India 363
A System of National Education
      The Human Mind 383
      The Powers of the Mind 386
      The Moral Nature 389
      Simultaneous and Successive Teaching 393
      The Training of the Senses 397
      Sense-Improvement by Practice 402
      The Training of the Mental Faculties 404
      The Training of the Logical Faculty 408
Message for National Education Week (1918) 411
National Education 414
A Preface on National Education 415

Part Four: On Art

The National Value of Art 431
Two Pictures 455
Indian Art and an Old Classic 460
The Revival of Indian Art 464
An Answer to a Critic 468

Part Five: Conversations of the Dead

Dinshah, Perizade 473
Turiu, Uriu 476
Mazzini, Cavour, Garibaldi 479
Shivaji, Jaysingh 483
Littleton, Percival 486

Part Six: The Chandernagore Manuscript

Passing Thoughts [1] 491
Passing Thoughts [2] 495
Passing Thoughts [3] 499
Hathayoga 503
Rajayoga 507
Historical Impressions: The French Revolution 512
Historical Impressions: Napoleon 518
In the Society’s Chambers 523
At the Society’s Chambers 527
Things Seen in Symbols [1] 532
Things Seen in Symbols [2] 534
The Real Difficulty 536
Art 538

Part Seven: Epistles / Letters From Abroad

Epistles from Abroad 545
Letters from Abroad 554

Part Eight: Reviews

“Suprabhat” 565 Paper icon.png
“Hymns to the Goddess” 569
“South Indian Bronzes” 576
“God, the Invisible King” 585
“Rupam” 590
About Astrology 595
“Sanskrit Research” 603
“The Feast of Youth” 614
“Shama’a” 623

Part Nine: Bankim—Tilak—Dayananda

Rishi Bankim Chandra 637
Bal Gangadhar Tilak 642
A Great Mind, a Great Will 658
Dayananda: The Man and His Work 661
Dayananda and the Veda 667
The Men that Pass 676

Appendix One: Baroda Speeches and Reports

Speeches Written for the Maharaja of Baroda 683
      Medical Department 685
      The Revival of Industry in India 694
Report on Trade in the Baroda State 723
Opinions Written as Acting Principal 743

Appendix Two: Premises of Astrology

Premises of Astrology 755


Notes are paraphrased from the “Publisher's Note” and “Note on the Texts”.